A lot of people have trouble with processing visual information as well as auditory information. This can be especially noticeable when they are watching videos or playing video games.
These people may have a condition called Audio Visual Processing Disorder (AVPD), which makes it hard to process the two types of sensory input at once, and affects their ability to play video games or watch movies.
You can adjust your screen so that the visuals and audio work independently from each other, making it easier for those with Audio Visual Processing Disorder to focus on what’s important in a game or movie without being distracted by things like flashing lights or loud noises.
What is audio visual processing disorder?
To put it simply, AVPD is the difference between what a person sees and what they hear. For instance, someone with AVPD might see a person enter an empty room but still believe that they heard voices or other noises in the room when no one was there.
People with AVPD often experience sound and light sensitivity, distraction by background noise, problems with reading comprehension and sequencing tasks, poor performance on timed tests, and issues with writing essays.
How does audio visual processing disorder affect people?
People who suffer from AVPD report that it makes their lives very stressful because they constantly doubt themselves and their abilities to complete tasks that other people would normally take for granted.
Symptoms and treatment of audio visual processing disorder
Audio-visual processing disorder (AVPD) is the neurological disorder that occurs when there is a lack of, or delay in, processing auditory and visual stimuli. Individuals with AVPD may have difficulty interpreting information presented through both the auditory (hearing) and visual modalities simultaneously.
People affected by this disorder typically demonstrate problems in carrying out multistep instructions that include auditory and visual components simultaneously. A wide range of symptoms may be observed in an individual with AVPD including the following:
In addition to providing support for those individuals experiencing difficulties as a result of audio-visual processing disorder, those who work directly with those affected by the disorder can benefit from greater understanding of their needs.
Strategies that have been found to be effective in reducing the impact of AVPD may include training for parents, teachers and other professionals.
The first step to treating AVPD is to determine what could be causing the difficulty before an intervention can be introduced. This may include a neurological examination, hearing tests and behavioural vision assessments (see below).
This is to determine whether the difficulty has a sensory-based cause, such as an undiagnosed hearing problem or visual impairment. In this instance, the appropriate professional will provide treatment for that specific condition.
The next step in treating AVPD is determining how severe the disorder really is and then developing a management plan with a multidisciplinary team. This can be a difficult and time-consuming process, especially as each person affected by the disorder experiences it differently and to varying degrees.
The difficulty in diagnosing is that we don’t know at what age AVPD will start to appear during childhood development. Some people with AVPD may present symptoms early on, whereas others may not manifest symptoms until later in life. For instance, someone with AVPD who also has ADHD may present more difficulties than another person with AVPD alone.
To help determine the level of severity, professionals will use assessment scales such as the Auditory Visual Integration Test (AVIT) and Assessment of Auditory Processing Skills (AAPS). These tests provide a scale of the severity and how this affects an individual’s overall functioning.
Once we have determined the level of severity, we can then determine what needs to be done to help an individual overcome their difficulties and develop strategies and interventions that will assist them.
Each case is different and requires a unique management plan. This may include sensory exercises as well as education and training for the individual and those who support them.
Tips for managing the symptoms of AVPD
Those with AVPD fall into two groups: those who manage its effects well, and those who don’t. The difference between these two groups is largely down to how well they’ve been able to adapt.
If you’re lucky, helping your child adapt comes naturally; you’ll both find ways of coping that work for the two of you. In other cases, however, adapting requires a bit more effort on your part.
In this article I’ll describe some strategies and tips for helping your child (and yourself) make the best of having AVPD. Tips for helping your child with Auditory Processing Disorder:
Stimulating conversations: Talking, singing, and reading out loud to your child is great for stimulating their auditory processing abilities. Although fairly self-evident advice, it’s surprising how often parents forget to do this.
All about me: As your child gets older and starts wanting to interact with others more, make it a habit for him or her to introduce themselves first; this is an excellent way of practising the “me” sound (the u in my ). This will also help you to remember their names next time you meet someone new.
Repetition, repetition, repetition…: Children with AVPD often have a hard time understanding what they’ve heard the first time it’s said to them. If you find yourself repeating things a lot – and sometimes even if you don’t – make your own little song out of whatever it is that has been misunderstood. In this song, put the word that your child doesn’t understand in every sentence. If you do this enough times, your child will be able to remember what it means.
I said no-no!: This tip is especially useful for parents who are having trouble saying “no” to their kids without feeling guilty. Even if you end up repeating yourself, saying “no” is much more effective than merely saying nothing (or even trying to be funny).
Remember; your child may not remember what you said the first time, but if you keep repeating yourself, they will eventually say no-no too!
I like big words: Use difficult words when speaking with your child; this will help them learn new words and start to understand their meanings.
One more time: Children with AVPD often have a hard time understanding what they’ve heard the first time it’s said to them. If you find yourself repeating things a lot – and sometimes even if you don’t – make your own little song out of whatever it is that has been misunderstood.
In this song, put the word that your child doesn’t understand in every sentence. If you do this enough times, your child will be able to remember what it means.
What’s in a name?: This is something of a trick tip; although most kids with AVPD find it difficult to remember names and faces, others don’t. If your child is one who doesn’t (and you’re not sure whether he or she does), make up a game of making funny faces when introducing yourself to someone new; the sillier the better.
Your child will be more likely to remember you next time if they have an amusing image in their head!
I’ve heard it before… I know what’s coming!: For some people, this is their primary coping mechanism. Because words are often heard as sounds rather than having meaning attached to them, they become numb to hearing certain things that seem normal but repetitive.
This can be a double-edged sword, however; the same person may also find entirely new sounds and words irritating and disruptive.
I’m ignoring you!: This tip is probably not one for parents who like to get their kids attention by speaking to them; if this describes you, stop reading now!
Another thing people with AVPD find very difficult (and sometimes even painful) is the simple act of having someone talk at them; some reports claim that some people with AVPD are actually scared of things being said to them, because they may not understand it.
If you have a child with AVPD, make more use of body language and demonstrate the fact you’re talking about whatever is being discussed!
I’m sorry I got distracted!: Kids these days are more distracted than ever, thanks to mobile devices and the internet. It can be frustrating for parents when their kids are doing homework but are constantly distracted by friends or other things on their electronic device.
If this happens frequently, you should make it clear that your child needs to pay close attention to what they’re supposed to be doing before meandering off again.
What Is Auditory Processing Disorder?
Auditory processing disorder is defined as a difficulty in understanding what people hear. This can be difficult to understand unless you have experienced it yourself.
For example, if someone has auditory processing disorder they may have difficulty understanding instructions or directions given verbally. They also may have trouble hearing others even when the sounds are loud enough to hear.
This means that someone with auditory processing disorder will not be able to hear as well as those without the condition.
How Is Auditory Processing Disorder Diagnosed?
It is possible for a child to have low-range auditory processing disorder (APD), moderate to severe APD, or extreme APD.
Low-range APD: A child with low-range APD can usually hear sounds but may confuse similar sounding words and struggle in noisy classrooms. They may also not recognize when someone is calling their name and have difficulty understanding body language and social cues.
Moderate to severe APD: Children with moderate to severe APD experience the most significant difficulties in listening, speaking, reading and writing.
They can be very sensitive to background noise and may avoid group activities because of it. They also tend to misplace objects and may engage in more behavior problems than other children.
Extreme APD: Children with extreme APD can hear and understand almost nothing without visual cues or supportive accommodations. They usually require complete support from teachers and caregivers to learn effectively, requiring very few distractions and close proximity.
What Are Signs Of Auditory Processing Disorder?
Auditory processing disorder (APD) is a condition that makes it hard for the brain to process what the ears are hearing. Someone with APD has normal hearing, but cannot understand some sounds correctly.
Some common signs of APD include having trouble understanding spoken instructions, being unable to figure out directions or problems on tests despite being able to hear the information, and having trouble with spelling.
It can be hard to diagnose APD because it isn’t always obvious. Someone might have learning issues that seem unrelated to the auditory problems. However, there are treatments that can help people cope with APD.
What Are The Causes Of Auditory Processing Disorder?
There are three things that medical professionals agree cause Auditory Processing Disorder. The first is birth trauma, which includes complications during pregnancy or at the time of delivery.
The second is genetic disorder, which means that if someone in your family has APD then you might too.
Lastly, exposure to environmental toxins that could have harmful effects on the nervous system and brain.
How Is Auditory Processing Disorder Treated?
By now, many parents are well aware that the skill of auditory processing is not something that just develops on its own.
For those who have children or students with auditory processing disorder (APD), the level to which this skill has developed in one’s child will often determine how well they progress academically. The primary function of APD is that sounds need to be “translated” into the brain, which involves listening and then recognizing what is being heard.
However, because there are a number of different components involved in this process – from something as simple as background noises to fully understanding what someone is saying – many children with APD have developed a skill that hinders their ability to learn and succeed.
What Is Visual Processing Disorder?
Visual processing disorder is a less-known condition that causes the brain to have trouble interpreting what the eyes see.
People with this disorder typically experience visual information more slowly than others do. It impacts their ability to perform tasks like reading, writing, spelling, and organizing ideas for papers or projects
Those who struggle with visual processing usually find it challenging to recognize objects that are close up, particularly if the object is different from something they have seen before. They might also have trouble with left- or right-handedness and tend to switch frequently between the two hands.
What Are The Symptoms Of Visual Processing Disorder?
Symptoms of visual processing occur largely due to the effects on brain development from lack of, or poor quality vision during early childhood. The signs and symptoms can include:
May have a hard time understanding what they are reading. This may be because children with VPD have trouble breaking down words into their basic sounds.
May reverse letters, b/d, p/q, m/n. This is because children with VPD may struggle to recognize the difference between similar objects. For example, confusing an “s” for a “5”.
May have trouble copying or drawing shapes or figures. This is common due to poor eye-hand coordination in these children.
May have a hard time completing tasks with their left and/or right hand. This is due to poor coordination between the two hemispheres of the brain.
May have problems recognizing colors, even though they may be able to see colors clearly when asked what color something is. This is because these children may not be able to tell apart colors, or identify them correctly.
May have trouble seeing objects that are close up. This is because the muscles in their eyes that help bring objects into focus may be weaker than normal.
May have issues with depth perception and hand/eye coordination. This is due to the cerebellum not receiving the signals properly.
May have trouble paying attention to tasks that require their full attention. This is due not being able to align the eyes correctly, which prevents them from staying focused on one thing for too long. Also, the VPD child’s brain may not be transmitting accurate information about what they are seeing, distracting them from trying to focus on the task at hand.
May have trouble remembering what they are reading. This may be because children with VPD have difficulty processing all of the words in a sentence, while reading out loud. They may try to skip over one or two words to make it easier for them to read, making their comprehension of the text weaker.
May have a hard time understanding instructions. This is because they may not be able to fully understand what the instructions are asking for, or all of the necessary information that needs to be included.
May have a hard time keeping their place on a page when reading. This is because children with VPD may miss seeing where they started reading on the page.
May have a hard time with activities that require them to look at something for a long period of time, such as sitting still in class. This is due to their poor ability to focus on one task for too long without becoming distracted.
May be easily distracted by things going on around them, and frequently lose their place while working on tasks. This is due to the poor ability for these children’s brains to filter out unnecessary stimuli, which causes their attention to be easily swayed.
What Are the Causes of a Visual Processing Disorder?
A visual processing disorder is caused by abnormal brain structure or function that may cause the eyes to work improperly together. There can be several different reasons for this including: genetics (the way you are born), lack of oxygen to the eye, side effects from medicine, and head trauma.
How Is a Visual Processing Disorder Treated?
Visual processing disorders (VPDs) can be present at birth and, as such, children with certain types of VPDs may not start school on time. In addition to the above-mentioned difficulties, children with this disorder may have trouble differentiating between similar objects or letters.
There are many reasons why a child’s school performance will suffer. A child’s school performance can be compromised due to VPDs if the child’s teacher does not recognize the disorder and intervene early. There are a number of ways to treat this disorder depending on its severity.
The specific vision therapy or other treatment a person chooses will depend upon a variety of factors, including: what type of problem they have, their age, whether they have any co-existing conditions such as attention deficit disorder (ADD) or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), the severity of their particular visual processing problem, and their individual goals.
There are a variety of different specific types of vision therapy that can be used to treat a child with a VPD depending upon the child’s needs and goals. These therapies may include:
- Gaze stabilization exercises,
- Eye tracking exercises,
- Perceptual skills training,
- Letter identification training, and
- Visual closure.
In addition to vision therapy, a child with a VPD will likely benefit from occupational therapy for help in organizing their desk and school materials and training in social skills. As a child with a VPD may need help organizing their school work, a note-taker or scribe may be beneficial as well.
What is Visual Auditory Processing Disorder?
Visual Auditory Processing Disorder (VAPD) is a condition in which people have difficulty processing information they receive visually and/or auditorily. People with this disorder typically struggle to interpret and make sense of what they see and hear.
What are visual processing disorder symptoms?
Visual processing disorder symptoms can vary depending on a person’s age or stage of life. In children, symptoms may include:
- Being easily distracted by extraneous stimuli, such as what is going on in the background.
- Inability to recognize numbers, letters, and words quickly and/or accurately.
- Losing place while reading or misreading words or sentences.
- Having difficulty copying from the blackboard.
- Inability to write legibly.
What is an example of auditory processing disorder?
Auditory Processing Disorder is the inability to process the sounds that are heard. Each person processes auditory stimulus differently, but in individuals with APD it may be difficult or impossible for them to process auditory information correctly.
There are three different types of APD (which can co-occur), central (one’s brain does not receive and process sound correctly), peripheral (defects in the middle ear), and central plus peripheral.
Central: Difficulties with auditory discrimination, auditory memory, and sequencing sounds. Individuals may also have trouble differentiating between similar sounds such as “t” and “d.” It can be difficult to follow multi-step oral instructions.
Auditory Discrimination Difficulty with ability to discriminate between sounds. May not be able to hear the difference between similar sounding words, such as “red” and “read.”
Auditory Memory Difficulty recalling or remembering auditory information. May have trouble recalling the specific instructions that were just given at school/work/home. May need others to write down instructions for them so they can remember the information.
Sequencing Sounds Difficulty with sequencing sounds. May have difficulty distinguishing between words that are similar sounding, such as “pink” and “king.” This can make it difficult to understand what is being said.
Peripheral: Problems with acuity or sensitivity in lower frequencies of sound, too much background noise is required, or sound is distorted.
Central plus Peripheral: Inability to process both central and peripheral auditory information. For example, a child may have difficulty understanding someone who is speaking softly but can hear a high frequency tone clearly.
In the past few years, there has been a growing awareness of audio visual processing disorder (AVP). AVP is similar to dyslexia and autism in that it affects how people process information.
However, unlike those disorders, many children with AVP are not diagnosed until they reach adulthood because their symptoms don’t become evident until puberty or later.
If you suspect your child may have this condition due to their inability to understand what others say as well as difficulty talking themselves; poor coordination; difficulties reading; trouble hearing words correctly when spoken quickly; avoiding eye contact for fear of judgment from other people – then it’s time to get them evaluated by an audiologist so