June 25, 2022


What are geographical features?

While many of us learned the basics in school, there is so much more to learn about geography. If you’re interested in learning more about this fascinating subject, check out our blog for great articles and advice on what are geographical features.

Our content team has put together a list of the most important geographical features that everyone should know. You can find them below!

What are Geographical Features?

What are Geographical Features?
What are Geographical Features?

Geographical features are defined as natural and man-made resources that can be found on Earth’s surface. A geographical feature is anything you find outside such as a body of water, land formation or even an artificial structure like a building or road. Some familiar examples of geographical features include:

  • Bodies of Water
  • Landform
  • Man-made Structures

Given this information, geographical features are commonly used to help people better understand a map. For example, with respect to the above list of examples, knowing that the area you are looking at is located near an ocean or bay tells you something about what surrounds it. It is important to note that geographical features are not limited to only natural objects; they also include man-made structures like skyscrapers and roads.

The list of geographical features is an ever-changing thing. The reason for this is that not all maps cover the same area. For example, you cannot assume that every map will include the same geographical features because their borders are not always consistent with one another. This can create confusion when trying to interpret a map. To help clarify things, it is important to note that usually, a map will include a key that details what geographical feature has been used.

Geographical Features

Bodies of Water

Bodies of Water
Bodies of Water

A river valley is typically a deep, narrow region in which streams or rivers flow together to form an underwater channel. The Amazon River drainage basin has over 6 million square kilometers and produces 55 million gallons of water per second when it flows into the Atlantic Ocean.

The ocean basins are some of the largest depressions on Earth, with depths that can reach 5 kilometers. They’re created by tectonic activity and have edges called continental shelves where water meets land masses to create salty seas or oceans depending what side you look at them from!

Oceans make up about 71% of the planet’s surface and cover an immense 70.8 million square kilometers. The average depth is about 3,800 meters, with the deepest point located in the Mariana Trench at a staggering 11 kilometers deep!

Seas are smaller than oceans and make up 13% of the Earth’s surface. The largest sea is the South China Sea, which covers an area of 3.5 million square kilometers and reaches a depth of 1,060 meters.

Lakes can be found all over planet Earth at various heights, from mountain peaks to the bottom of the ocean floors. The largest lake in terms of size is the Caspian Sea which has an area of 143,200 square kilometers, however Lake Superior (North America) is the deepest at 1,333 meters deep.

Rivers are naturally occurring channels that flow from higher to lower altitudes; they make up 9% of the Earth’s surface. The longest river is the Nile River in Africa which measures 6,650 kilometers in length.

Wetlands are very important to the planet as they provide a wide range of ecosystem services that help regulate water flow and prevent floods. A noted wetland is the Pantanal located in Brazil which spans over 195,000 square kilometers.

A waterfall is a natural formation where flowing water rapidly descends to lower land. Victoria Falls on the border of Zambia and Zimbabwe is the largest waterfall on the planet measuring over 1,723 meters high!

Landform

Landform
Landform

Mountains are elevated regions of the Earth’s surface, usually formed by tectonic forces. The highest mountain on Earth is Mount Everest at 8,848 meters high!

Foothills are similar to mountains, except they’re located near them. They’re typically lower in altitude and have more gradual slopes than their surrounding mountainous region.

Plateaus are elevated regions on the Earth’s surface separated by steep cliffs and can be formed through erosion.

Mesas are table-like structures that have flat tops and steep sides that form where surrounding land comes to a sudden stop.

Valleys are low-lying areas surrounded by mountains or hills that are usually formed through erosion.

Plains are large flat areas of land that are situated at a lower altitude than surrounding regions.

Deserts are regions of the Earth that receive less than 250 millimeters of rainfall a year.

A canyon is a deep valley with almost vertical sides that has been cut by a stream or river. The Grand Canyon in Arizona is one example of this geographical feature, which spans over 1,600 kilometers long and has an average depth of 1 kilometer.

Rainforest regions have a warm and wet climate with rainfall levels that exceed 1,000 millimeters per year. They’re found mostly near the equator.

Man-made Structures

Man-made Structures
Man-made Structures

Canals are artificial channels created by people that allow for water to be transported from one body to another. One famous canal is the Suez Canal, a man-made structure connecting the Mediterranean Sea and Red Sea. It’s located in Egypt and measures 162 kilometers in length.

A railway is an above-ground transportation system used for moving large amounts of goods and people from one place to another quickly. The longest railway in the world is the Trans-Siberian Railway, which spans a length of 9,297 kilometers!

A road is any kind of thoroughfare that connects one location to another. The Pan-American Highway is the longest road in the world, spanning a length of 17,878 kilometers!

An airport is any area used for landing and taking off of airplanes. There are currently 34,513 airports across the globe.

Houses are buildings that are used for living and housing people. The world’s largest house is the Palace of Versailles in France which measures 7,200 square meters!

A tower is a tall structure that stands at a specific elevation and often serves as part of a building’s architecture or as a stand-alone structure. One famous tower is the Eiffel Tower located in France which stands at 324 meters tall!

A city is a large and well-organized settlement that usually has larger populations than towns. The largest city in the world is Chongqing, China with a population of 32 million people!

How are geographical features related to the environment?

  • Lands are the supportive surface of our planet and provide a wide range of ecosystem services that help regulate water flow and prevent floods.
  • Waterfalls, mountains, plateaus, mesas, canyons, deserts, and valleys are all geographical features.
  • Mountains are elevated regions of the Earth’s surface which are usually formed by tectonic forces.
  • Foothills are similar to mountains, except they’re located near them and are typically lower in altitude than surrounding mountainous regions.
  • Plateaus are elevated regions on the Earth’s surface which can be formed through erosion or other natural processes.
  • Mesas are table-like structures that have flat tops and steep sides which form where surrounding land comes to a sudden stop.
  • Valleys are low-lying areas surrounded by mountains or hills which are usually formed through erosion.
  • Plains are large flat areas of land that is situated at a lower altitude than surrounding regions.
  • Deserts are regions of the Earth that receive less than 250 millimeters of rainfall a year.
  • Canals are artificial channels created by people that allow for water to be transported from one body to another. One famous canal is the Suez Canal which connects the Mediterranean Sea and Red Sea at a length of 162 kilometers.
  • A railway is an above-ground transportation system used for moving large amounts of goods and people from one place to another quickly. The longest railway in the world is the Trans-Siberian Railway which spans a length of 9,297 kilometers!
  • A road is any kind of thoroughfare that connects one location to another. The Pan-American Highway is the longest road in the world, spanning a length of 17,878 kilometers!
  • An airport is any area used for landing and taking off of airplanes. There are currently 34,513 airports across the globe.
  • Houses are buildings that are used for living and housing people. The world’s largest house is the Palace of Versailles in France which measures 7,200 square meters!
  • Towers are tall structures that stand at a specific elevation and often serve as part of a building’s architecture or as a stand-alone structure. One famous tower is the Eiffel Tower located in France which stands at 324 meters tall!
  • Cities are large and well-organized settlements that usually have larger populations than towns. The largest city in the world is Chongqing, China with a population of 32 million people!

List of examples for geographical features

  • Towers: Eiffel Tower in France and CN Tower in Toronto, Canada
  • Cities: Chongqing in China and New York City in the United States
  • Waterfalls: Niagara Falls in The United States and Angel Falls in Venezuela
  • Mesas: Table Mountain in South Africa and Mauna Kea in Hawaii, United States
  • Mountains: Mount Everest in Nepal and Mauna Loa in Hawaii, United States
  • Rivers: Amazon River in South America and Nile River in Africa
  • Deserts: Sahara Desert in Northern Africa and Gobi Desert located between China and Mongolia -Gardens: Independence Hall in United States and Versailles Gardens in France
  • Ocean: Pacific Ocean located between the Western Coast of North America and Eastern Coast of Asia
  • Canals: Panama Canal in Central America and Suez Canal in Egypt
  • Roads: Pan-American Highway spanning a length of 17,878 kilometers! And the Trans-Canada Highway located in Canada
  • Airport: The largest airport is Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport in the United States and second largest is Incheon International Airport in Seoul, South Korea

Why do we study geography and how does it help us in our everyday lives?

In order to understand all of the amazing places across Earth, it is important to study them and learn about the different geographical features. Studying geography helps us broaden our horizons and better understand why things are located where they are! Why should we study geography?

Geography allows us to know how other countries, cities, houses, landmarks, and many other structures look like. Studying geography can be very useful when it comes to traveling because we will know what places look like and how to get around!

Eiffel Tower in France, CN Tower in Toronto, Canada, Table Mountain in South Africa, Mauna Kea in Hawaii, United States, Amazon River in South America, Nile River in Africa, Sahara Desert in Northern Africa, Gobi Desert located between China and Mongolia, Independence Hall in United States, Versailles Gardens in France, Pacific Ocean located between the Western Coast of North America and Eastern Coast of Asia, Panama Canal in Central America, Suez Canal in Egypt.

Pan-American Highway spanning a length of 17,878 kilometers! And the Trans-Canada Highway located in Canada, Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport in United States and Incheon International Airport in South Korea.

You should study geography because it allows you to learn about new places that are near or far. Studying geography can also be very fun because it shows how amazing and big the world is! One can also study geography to improve their knowledge of other countries around them which allows them to better understand the culture, economy, government, history, religions, traditions, holidays, people. You could even learn about famous landmarks or places that you might want to visit in the future!

How can I become a geographer or work with them?

How can I become a geographer or work with them?
How can I become a geographer or work with them?

In order to become a geographer, you must take classes that teach about earthquakes, weather patterns, ecosystems, landscapes, natural disasters. After taking these classes and successfully passing them you will be able to work as a geographer! You can also learn more about the different types of scientists here .

All over the world there are people who work with geographers that help them to learn about different things. For example, there are meteorologists that work at The National Weather Service in the United States and they study weather patterns. People also become physical scientists who study earthquakes, landscape, volcanoes, landforms, etc… And other people think of new ways to save the planet by becoming environmental scientists, social scientists, or even artists!

All over the world there are people who work with geographers that help them to learn about different things. For example, there are meteorologists who work at The National Weather Service in United States and they study weather patterns. People also become physical scientists who study earthquakes, landscape, volcanoes landforms etc. And other people think of new ways to save the planet by becoming environmental scientists, social scientists, or even artists!

FAQ about What are Geographical Features?

1. What are examples of geographic features?

Geographic features are things like mountains, deserts, oceans, rivers, etc.

2. What geographical features mean?

Geographical features mean natural things you find on the earth such as rivers, mountains, deserts and oceans.

3. What are 3 major geographical features?

The three major geographical features are mountains, rivers and deserts.

4. What are the six geographical features?

The six geographical features are rivers, mountains, deserts, oceans, lakes and rainforest.

5. What are geographical features of a lake?

Geographical features of a lake include water as well as land around the lake. Plants and animals may live near or in the lake as well as humans depending on how large it is. The water from the lake may spread outwards and even evaporate which changes the shape of the lake.

Hopefully this blog post has given you a better understanding of what geographical features are, and how they may affect the environment around us. I hope that in some way these definitions have helped clarify any confusion about geographic terminology for you. Remember to be mindful of your surroundings when exploring new places!



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